History of architecture. Kedleston Hall. In Western architecture: The United States frustrations in gaining acceptance for organic architecture. The first edition. the introduction and proliferation of organic architecture in Australia during the .. Australian Landscape while lecturing on the history of art in the Architecture. “So here I stand before you preaching organic architecture: declaring organic architecture to be the modern ideal and the teaching so much needed if we are to.
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Essentially organic architecture is also the literal design of every element of a building: From the windows, to the floors, to the individual chairs intended to fill the space.
Everything relates to one another, reflecting the symbiotic ordering systems of nature. Egyptian and Ancient Greek civilizations studied natural forms and human body and abstracted them as geometry.
They used the circle, ellipse, triangle, and rectangle to derive harmonious proportions for their shrines and temples and so promote harmony between themselves and their elemental gods and spirits of Earth and cosmos. Fundamental discoveries included geometric relationships such as the Golden Section, history of organic architecture of the logarithmic spiral, a basic curve of life and growth.
The ascendancy of geometry Plato Believed that all things flow and change in nature but are directed by eternal and immutable patterns, forms, or ideas. Aristotle Used observation to understand and classify nature.
- Organic Architecture: Definition & Architects |
- Frank Lloyd Wright
In terms of architecture, they both contributed to key ideas and concepts that run through organic design and the debate between holistic and analytical approaches that have continued ever since. Vitruvius Agreed with his forebears that the history of organic architecture body, with its modular construction, is the ideal expression of nature's unity.
Organic architecture - Wikipedia
His homo-quadratus fits neatly into what were considered the most perfect geometrical figures- the square and circle. Byzantine Empire Christian history of organic architecture re-inspired architecture with ideas of divine proportion and the mystique of numbers, and developed the Roman form of the dome placed on a square to create the typical Byzantine cross-in-square church plan.
Islamic world Divine geometry was also alive in Islamic world. Here representation of the human and other animal forms was strictly prohibited.
Mathematics and abstract geometry were the only appropriate expression of order and perfection created by Allah. Early Celtic Art Abhorred straight lines and preferred the organic forms of the tree, plants, water, and earth.
Rather than representing nature, as it appears, the Celtic artist expressed a mystical and ambiguous world of highly stylized abstract forms.
Gothic Architecture Absorbed elements of both Greek geometry and pagan Celtic expression.
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Master masons revitalized the sacred purpose of proportion and used plant forms for decoration. The circle was the basic controlling device for Gothic cathedral design.
The pointed Gothic arch and vault, being more akin to the parabolic arch, shed structural loads more efficiently than the massive Roman semicircular arch. This innovation allowed unrivalled building heights to be reached with an apparent lightness and delicacy never before imagined possible in stone-a history of organic architecture flowering of the organic in architecture.
Frank Lloyd Wright
Renaissance and rationalism With the Renaissance came renewed interest in Classical theories of proportion based on human form. Michelangelo Held that knowledge of the human figure was vital to a comprehension of architecture.
Alberti Remarked that a building must appear whole like an organism. Leonnardo da Vinci Made his famous drawing of Vitruvius's homo quadratus.