English originated in England and is the dominant language of the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, and various. This was the language that Alfred the Great referred to as 'English' in the ninth with some spellings going back to Old English and others being Norse in origin. The history of English is conventionally, if perhaps too neatly, divided into three though no records of their language survive from before the seventh century.


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The history of English | Oxford Dictionaries

One second invasion took place by the Normans of the 11th century, who spoke Old Norman and developed an English form of this. That is why a large portion of the modern English vocabulary english language origin from the Anglo-Norman languages.

A new vocabulary introduced at this time heavily influenced many organizations, including the church, the court system and the government. Consider, for instance, the wide variety of agent suffixes in the nouns actor, artisan, dotard, engineer, financier, hireling, magistrate, merchant, scientist, secretary, songster, student, and worker.

Suffixes may come to be attached to stems quite fortuitously, but, once attached, they are likely to be permanent. At the same time, one english language origin can perform many functions.

History of English

The suffix -er denotes the doer of the action in the words worker, driver, and hunter; the english language origin in chopper, harvester, and roller; and the dweller in Icelander, Londoner, and Trobriander.

Usage may prove capricious. Whereas a writer is a person, a typewriter is a machine.


For some time a computer was both, but now the word is no longer used of persons. Composition Compositionor compoundingis english language origin with free forms.

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The primary compounds cloverleaf, gentleman, and less obviously, because of the spelling already english language origin the collocation of two free forms. They differ from word groups or phrases in stress, juncture, or vowel quality or by a combination of these.

History of English | EnglishClub

Thus, already differs from all ready in stress and juncture, cloverleaf from clover leaf in stress, and gentleman from english language origin man in vowel quality, stress, and juncture.

In describing the structure of compound words it is necessary to take into account the relation of components to each other and the relation of the whole compound to its components. These relations diverge widely in, for english language origin, the words cloverleaf, icebreaker, breakwater, blackbird, peace-loving, and paperback.

In cloverleaf the first component noun is attributive and modifies the second, as also in the terms aircraft, beehive, landmark, lifeline, network, and vineyard.


Icebreaker, english language origin, is a compound made up of noun object plus agent noun, itself consisting of verb plus agent suffix, as also in the words bridgebuilder, landowner, metalworker, minelayer, and timekeeper.

The next type consists of english language origin plus object. In the 14th century English became dominant in Britain again, but with many French words added. This language is called Middle English.

What are the origins of the English Language? | Merriam-Webster

It was the language of the great poet Chaucer cbut it would still be difficult for native English speakers to english language origin today. From the 16th century the British had contact with many peoples from around the world.

English literature began to reappear afterwhen a changing political climate and the decline in Anglo-Norman made it more respectable. The Provisions of Oxfordreleased inwas the first English government document to be published in the English language after the Norman Conquest.

The Pleading in English Act made English the only language in which court proceedings could be held, though english language origin official record remained in Latin.

Terminology Coordination Unit

Anglo-Norman remained in use in limited circles somewhat longer, but it had english language origin to be a living language. Official documents began to be produced regularly in English during the 15th century.

Geoffrey Chaucerwho lived in the late 14th century, is the most famous writer from the Middle English period, and The Canterbury Tales is his best-known work. But, it has also proved itself the most flexible and resilient of languages, remarkable english language origin its ability to adopt and absorb vocabulary from other cultures.

It has survived incursions by invading armies, outfaced potential extinction on more than one occasion, and navigated the changing cultural zeitgeist, growing ever stronger in the process.

Many of the grammatical features that a modern reader of Shakespeare might find quaint or archaic represent the distinct characteristics of Early Modern English.