Dogs are also domesticated animals that have been raised over a long period by humans as companion and also referred to as man’s best friend. Moreover, the first domesticated animal in the animal species are dogs, and have been reared by humans for quite a long period. Dogs are of different size, shape, and colors and perform different roles including, providing security, pulling loads, hunting and herding. Over times, some dogs species have been used to perform specialized duties such as providing military companionship, assisting the physically disabled people as well as offering therapeutic duties. The most common types of dogs include, guard dogs, working dogs, hunting dogs, companion dogs, and herding dogs.
In the event that one owns a dog, it is advisable that he/she teach the dog the basic commands of dog training, these are sit, come, down, stay, and leave it command . Out of the five basic commands, the sit command is regarded as the simplest command to dog training, and also it is viewed as an act of dog`s` respect to the owner. A dog is mostly trained how to sit when it is about to take a meal, the training involves, holding the food close to the dog’s nose, then moving the hand upward and allowing the dog`s head to follow the food causing its back to move downwards, once the dog is in a sitting position, the instructor needs to say sit. Once the dog has mastered the sit command, the owner needs to train the dog to sit before mealtime, when leaving for walks, and during situations that the owner would like the dog to calm and seated.
On the other hand, the down command is considered to a difficult command in dog training obedience since it is a submissive position, however, the trainer need to find a good smelling food for the dog and hold it closed in his hand, then he need to hold the hand up to the dog`s nose and when the dog sniffs the food, the instructor needs to move his hand to the floor so that the dog follow, once the dog`s` head is on the floor, one needs to slide their hand along the ground in front of the dog so as to encourage the dog`s` body to move forward and follow its head, once the dog is in a down position, the owner need to say down and the give the dog the food.
The stay command should be initiated when a dog has perfectly learned the sit command, these steps involved in the stay command include, asking the dog to sit, this is followed by opening palm of their hand in front of the dog and then say stay, then take a few steps back and give the dog food if it stays. Moreover, the leaving command is considered useful since it can protect the dog when it is too curious and if it smells something that may have dangerous effects on its health.