After The Fire Chicago’s Leading Role In Modern American Architecture

The Great Fire of 1871 reduced the vast majority of the city of Chicago to a ruined heap of brick and ash. The devastation at the time could not possibly have been seen as an opportunity, but in truth the fire created a blank slate with which the great architects of the day could experiment.

The result over the next 50 years was a transformation of a regular Midwestern city into a world-class jewel of modern architectural beauty. Although New York can lay some claim to wonders of architecture, it is Chicago that most prides itself on its innovative accomplishments. Here is a brief overview of the changes that came After The Fire.

How it used to be

In the 40 or so years before the fire, Chicago grew by leaps and bounds both in the number of buildings and in the vast number of new residents, many of which were immigrants. However, very little planning went into the growth of the city; it consisted mainly of brick and mortar office buildings, factories, and a vast sea of wood shanties that were virtually thrown up overnight to accommodate the influx of people.

Streets were made of wood and sidewalks were made of wood: when the city received very little rainfall in the summer of 1871, conditions were ripe for disaster. On October 8, a full quarter of the city’s residential areas and nearly its entire business district went up in flames and 300 lives were lost.

What happened next

Chicago was (and still is) a city with a lot of heart and a lot of spunk. Nearly immediately, 50 million dollars was pumped into rebuilding efforts: this time with plenty of planning, foresight, and ingenuity. Only the best architects and engineers were hired to do the job, and the newest techniques in steel and other construction methods were used: this city was going to be not only a showpiece, it was also going to last.

The results

The great architect Louis Sullivan coined the famous phrase: “Form follows function,” and these words would come to define the city’s new sense of style during the rebuilding. The modern skyscraper was born in the Windy City, and although the initial one is long gone, many remain to be both used and admired as architectural marvels. The modern technology of steel framework made these skyscrapers possible and they are what give Chicago its distinctive and unique skyline. Other styles of architecture thrived as well, and many Art Deco buildings grace the downtown area.

Chicago is proud of its architecture and every important building is marked with a plaque, a date, and an attached history or interesting anecdote. Chicago boat tours are a popular way to easily view and learn about these buildings, as are walking tours. No one could have predicted over 170 years ago that The Great Fire would result in an even more beautiful city that would literally rise out of the ashes: but Chicago did just that.

Loft conversions are popular with Oxford Architecture

It is the general consensus that with a loft conversion there is only one type of design, in reality though there are many types of designs for loft conversions. Architecture Oxford companies specialise in designing unique loft conversions for their clients; here are a few of the designs available.

The most simple and perhaps most common type of loft conversion is known as the roof light conversion. Basically this is where windows are installed into the roof to allow natural light so it becomes a living space and not just an attic. There are different kinds of windows you can have installed; talk to your Oxford architecture company about the different designs and if planning permission will need to be granted.

There is also the dormer conversion; this is becoming more and more popular with terraced houses. This design focuses on increasing the height of your loft so that your converted room benefits from good ceiling height; to do this the roof line will have to be extended. Your Oxford architect should research and see if planning permission will need to be granted for a dormer conversion; you do not want to start without receiving permission first.

There is a loft conversion which involves changing the side of a roof from a hipped shape to a gable end which gives more room in the loft; this is known as a “Hip to Gable” conversion. Your Oxford architects should draw up designs of how they think the new room should be used.

There are a variety of loft conversions available nowadays; however it’s important you choose a design that compliments the infrastructure of your home; consult with your Architecture Oxford Company before deciding a design. Your architects Oxford will know which loft conversion designs will work for your home and which designs will not.

After you have looked at the different loft conversion designs with your architects and chosen the most suitable one for your house you then need to decide what kind of room you’re going to have in your loft conversion. Will it be an extra living space, bedroom or bathroom; you need to consider which type of room will give the most value to your property. You should discuss this factor with both your Oxford architecture team and local estate agents in the Oxfordshire area. Loft conversions tend to add 30K value to a home but they can add as much as up to 150K in area with expensive terraced housing.

Cisco further strengthens Its Videoscape Architecture in India

Cisco(NASDAQ:CSCO) has added live TV and mobile video capabilities to its Videoscape architecture by integrating the Video Delivery Platform from Apalya Technologies Private Limited. This capability was demonstrated at the Cisco Video Summit in New Delhi, which is an annual event for the company’s customers and partners in the cable and broadcast sectors.

To demonstrate Cisco’s commitment to delivering best-of-breed solutions to multi-system operators (MSOs) in India, who operate multiple cable or direct-broadcast satellite television systems, Cisco has also made an investment in Apalya. This investment was done along with existing investors IDGVI (IDG Ventures India), IUVP (Indo-US Venture Partners) and Qualcomm.

“Video is a key priority for Cisco, and we have been investing in innovative technologies to enhance the delivery of quality video content across platforms. We are excited to work together with Apalya to drive innovation in the intersection of Mobility and TV Video delivery,” said Vish Iyer, Director, SP Video Architecture, Asia-Pacific, Japan and Greater China, Cisco.

With the uptake of 3G services in the country and the introduction of 4G services, the demand for data and video, on mobile, is growing significantly. According to the Cisco Visual Networking Index (VNI), global mobile data traffic will grow 13-fold from 2012 to 2017, reaching 11.2 exabytes per month in 2017, and mobile video will represent 66% of all mobile data traffic. In India, video is expected to be 40% of mobile data traffic by 2016, up from 15% at the end of 2011.

Traditional Architecture In India.

Now a day’s in india traditional architecture is the widespread form of building since many years, constructed through traditional way of building methods by local builders without using the services of a professional architect. Due to western influence, architects in india are not using traditional architecture techniques now that are based on indian climatic conditions. In India, building materials has different categories from mud-plastered to reed-thatched to timber-framed in accordance with the availability of local material. Some houses are built to withstand earthquakes, while others can be rebuilt quickly if washed away by heavy monsoon rains.

Materials used for it:

In some areas where there are limitations of building material, natural materials such as mud, grass, bamboo, thatch or sticks are used, instead of transporting materials from far place which is a blot on sustainability practices, for semi-permanent structures which require regular maintenance and replacement. The advantages of such traditional architecture are the construction materials are cheap and easily available and relatively little labor is required.

As the needs and resources of the people change, vernacular architecture evolve to include more durable materials such as stones, clay tiles, metals etc. Though they are more expensive to build, they are very durable structures.

Climate has a major influence over traditional architect:

In India climate has a major influence on traditional architecture. High thermal mass or significant amounts of insulation characterize buildings in cold climates. Lighter materials are used to built buildings in warm climates and designed for sufficient cross-ventilation through openings in the fabric of the building. In areas which have high levels of rainfall, flat roofs are avoided, even in areas with flat roofs, water harvesting techniques are being used.

About iDream:

iDream is a International Class Architectural & Interior Design Firm offering its services in India and across the Asia Pacific region through an alliance. Set up in the year 2003, iDream brings together a resource pool of senior industry professionals with over two decades of experience in handling major projects in formats like “Design Consultancy”, “Project Management Consultancy” and “Design & Build”, across the globe

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How to choose the outstanding type of residential architecture

Unless you have wide knowledge about architecture design and ideas to improve the style of the house, you cannot withstand long enough in the business. It is true that sometimes it is hard to find suitable architect who designs plan for building your dream home. There are plenty of such professionals in the field that it becomes difficult to choose the right person from the lot. Either the pricing would be high or the designs they show you may not be impressive. Before looking for the architect or engineer to make your plans live, it is necessary that you should fix the right budget for residential architecture. You cannot make ends meet within the small budget and hence you should be aware of the current cost and rate of materials before selecting a design. Be realistic when you choose the home design so that you can construct your dream home within your budget.

In reality, if you are prepared to spend more amounts, then you can have excellent interiors as well as exterior design. Your builder will help you giving new ideas to include a swimming pool and garden for you to relax. He would add a patio for spending time in the evenings with your family. The kitchen can be superbly designed with outstanding marbles and wall colors with fully furnished appliance and accessories. Everything depends on the factor how much is your budget. There are plenty of talented designers in the market who can make things which are impossible come true. They will guide you in every single step so that you are not disappointed in any aspect.

While choosing the designer, you make sure that he is familiar with what you are expecting from him. He should have some experience in particular roof style and flooring so that it fits right into your budget. You can get referrals from your friends for choosing the best designer for residence. Alternatively you can also browse the web for knowing more types of styles and designs and familiarize yourself with the latest design. Many architects will have a catalogue to show you different types of designs for exteriors which make your home stand unique. A house will look appealing and distinct only if the external architecture design is beautiful. By referring the internet, you will get various ideas and learn about the residential architecture designs for building the inner parts and exteriors of your house. Ultimately you should be completely satisfied with the outcome and for which you are paying a hefty amount to the architect.

Lead A Better Life Through Home Improvement

Your daily attitude and the way you feel is closely related to your home and how it makes you feel. If you think about it, you spend a lot of your time there. If you don’t work outside the home, you spend even more time in the house. The comfort level of your home is an important factor in the way you feel about your daily life. You should insist that your home is somewhere you want to spend your time, it will make you feel better. Here are some smart tips for making your house feel like home.

When considering home improvements, keep your own comfort in mind. No home is perfect, but make up your mind to transform those more serious flaws that cause you daily irritation. Small transformations of this sort can brighten your everyday life. Things like replacing old, uncomfortable furniture can enhance the way your home looks and feels.

Try expanding the space you have. Being confined in the living area will prevent you from adequately rearranging the space. Solve this with an expansion. Even increasing the space by several feet can make a big difference.

If you expand your home with recreational areas, it will be more enjoyable. Fixtures like pools, hot tubs, and tether-ball poles serve the dual purpose of giving you more things to do around the house and increasing your home’s value.

Consider the lighting in your home. By bringing light into a formerly dark corner of your home, you will brighten the space as well as make the room look more spacious and welcoming. Replacing burnt out bulbs or changing the color or wattage of old bulbs is a simple way to make a room seem brighter and more inviting. Take this simple DIY project a step further by also updating your lighting fixtures.

Turning your backyard into a beautiful garden makes it feel like you are walking in a nice park. Whether you tend the garden yourself or hire a professional, you are sure to enjoy the many pleasures and positive aspects offered by this type of outdoor space. A garden is a place where stress melts away; where you breathe deeply of fresh, clean air. It is a place where you can relax amidst the beautiful flowers you have chosen to grow, or pick fresh herbs and vegetables for your dinner.

There are lots of ways to improve your home’s exterior. That way, you will be happy to see your home every time you come home.

Home improvement projects can have a tremendously positive effect on your mood and the quality of your life by making all the time you spend within your home more pleasant. Because of this, anything you can do to improve your home will benefit the house and your personal satisfaction.

Know About Iranian Architecture

Iranian architecture displays a class and elegance that cannot be matched with any other style of architecture and design. It is quite distinct from that of Muslim countries. The major features of Iranian architecture are: structural ingenuity basically in vault and dome construction; a skill of decoration with freedom and intricacy incomparable to any other form of architecture.

The pre-Islamic buildings include the remarkable Elamite ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil. Baked brick was used for outer surfaces by the 12th century BC. Most of the greatest buildings were built with a religious purpose, and even in secular buildings religious influences are entirely absent. Palaces were present, and their shapes, sizes and colors varied according to the ruling dynasty.

The first great development of ancient Persian architecture took place under the Achaemenid dynasty during the Persian Empire, from about 550 to 330 BC. There are numerous remains of Achaemenian period, including two palaces, a sacred precinct, a citadel, a tower, and the tomb of Cyrus.

Royal architecture under the Achaemenid also included tombs cut in solid rock, of which the best-known examples are those at Naqshah Rostam near Persepolis. Little is known of the popular building practices of the period, but archaeologists believe that the ordinary dwelling was made of mud brick. After the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Greek influence, in its late, Hellenistic phase, was predominant in the arts of Persia. Examples include fragments of bronze sculpture found at Shami, and the Parthian sculptural reliefs at Behistun.

During the Islamic period “mosques” became the major buildings in Iranian architecture. Outstanding examples of early Islamic Iranian architecture include the Mosque of Baghdad built in 764, the Great Mosque at Samarra erected in 847, and the early 10th-century mosque at Nayin.

After the 17th century, Iranian artists copied European paintings and engravings, and the native traditions declined. But Iranian architecture still managed to leave a huge impact on the world.

Nata Gate Pass To The Theatre Of Architecture

The NATA (National Aptitude Test in Architecture) will open the gates of the best architectural and design colleges in the country for you as it acts as the gate pass for entering the prestigious institutions in India .The National Institute for Advanced Studies in Architecture is responsible for holding the NATA examination, The Council Of Architecture is the governing body for this entire activity.

One of the best things about the NATA examination is that every aspirant from all walks of life are given an equal opportunity to apply for this examination which proves to be a tough challenge for all those who want to reach high skies. This means the probability of a candidate clearing NATA is low. But that does not deter the confidence of all these candidates that apply in lakes for a shot at the examination in a quest to emerge victorious.

A candidate can appear for the NATA examination round the year between 1st March and 30th September at the test centers spread over the states. The criterion for being eligible to appear in the NATA examination is a 10 + 2 with Mathematics or a degree from a recognized university/institution with an aggregate of 50%. The candidate should have attained the age of 17 years at the time of appearing for the examination. Candidates holding International Baccalaureate Diploma with an aggregate of 50% and Maths as a subject can also enroll themselves.

The NATA examination is divided into two sections. Firstly they have to appear for the Paper Based Drawing Test which comprises of 2 questions with one of the question containing a sub question .A candidate ahs two hours to complete the paper. Secondly they have to give the Computer Based Aesthetic Sensitivity Test which comprises of 40 questions which have to be completed in 2 hours. Both the test covers the key areas that a candidate needs to be excellent in to become an architect.

The candidates who need an extra guidance in NATA can also approach the coaching institutes which help them in deciphering the examination in a simple way. BRDS (Bhanwar Rathore Design Studio) has been working with so many students who have, with their guidance cleared the NATA examination.This institute has faculties from NID and NIT who have used their experience and inculcated the same in these candidates which has helped them make a mark.

Best Home Energy Savings Program For Home Improvement

For home improvement you need home energy savings program which can assist in gaining lesser utility bills. Important thing you need to understand is sealing of air leaks as and when necessary.

Home improvement process can be aptly carried out when you look for correct home energy savings program. Too much consumption of energy resources in your home can gift you with bigger billing amount. How will you save yourself from such gift? You can control utility bills only when you analyze the reason behind increase in billing amount. In today’s expensive world people are finding it difficult to lead luxurious life and on top of that increase in electricity bills can be irritating. The scenario is such that outflow of cash is more than inflow which is leading to many problems.

It is essential for you to take some measures which can assist in reduction of electricity bill. You can personally scrutinize every electrical outlet of your home and can make out if there is ant kind of leakage problem or so. There is another option which nowadays many people adopt and that is hiring expert utility services or energy saving services. They will scrutinize every aspect related to consumption of electricity and will also look after your previous bills. This will help them in understanding the growing trend of bill and accordingly they can provide you with particular solution. If required, they may also get in touch with your service provider and negotiate on your behalf.

Home energy savings program can help you to gain lesser amount of utility bill but only when you follow them properly. Simple steps like turning off light when not required can also assist in gaining lower bill amount. Here are some of the simple home energy savings programs which can help you in best possible way:

Seal the area with air leaks if you owe heater or air condition.
Installation of thermostats can assist in analyzing the amount of electricity consumption.
If you have crawlspace ceiling then try to seal the leakage of air.
It is also advisable to install carbon monoxide detectors as it can help in providing solution related to energy savings.

How to look for appropriate performance oriented home energy savings program? Actually when you plan to hire expert services, it is important first to investigate a little about them. Such investigation can be done by going online and looking for best service provider. The service provider you select must be capable enough to evaluate the plan and implement it in best possible way. You can gain financial benefit with such programs only when you understand the problem and accordingly look out for particular solution.

Spanish Mission Art Deco Style Architecture

In the architectural world, just as in the worlds of food, clothing, and design, as styles come together we have whats called fusion. In fusion, often disparate elements come together to create a cohesive union, and sometimes seemingly harmonious elements come together in a not so harmonious way. In terms of architecture, a truly interesting blend happened in the beginning of the 20th century, melding together the elements of Spanish Mission revival style with the hip sleekness of Art Deco.

Art Deco buildings are known for their futuristic, sleek, dramatic, geometric flair. Cubes, zigzags, and futuristic chic came together to express the growing machine age in the United States. In the roaring twenties and early thirties, the jazzy Art Deco architecture was sweeping the nation. The Art Deco style found its inspiration from many different sources. The austere shapes and curves were taken from the Bauhaus School and the streamlined modern technology-looking design was melded with images of icons from the Far East, Greece, Rome, Africa, India, and Mayan and Aztec cultures. But above all these, Art Deco took inspiration from an architectural discovery in Egypt.

In 1922, archaeologist Howard Carter and his sponsor, Lord Carnarvon, thrilled the world with their discovery of the tomb of King Tutankhamen. Egypt-chic soon swept the nation and influenced the design of clothes, jewelry, furniture and graphic design. And of course, architecture.

Another style that was popping-up at the same time was the Spanish Mission Revival style, and in California, these two disparate styles found a way to come together in harmony as Hollywood actors were clamoring to get their homes built in the chic Spanish style. California isnt the only place to see the beautiful union of these two styles.
Hawkes Bay has some tremendous Art Deco and Spanish Mission Walks. Hawkes Bay is located in Napier, New Zealand. Following a devastating earthquake in 1931, the whole commercial heart of Napier was destroyed, but the city was about to be reborn in the newest architectural style, and to become the hottest city. In Hawkes Bay, you get to see all the styles right next to each other: Spanish Classic, Spanish mission, and Art Deco, all side by side.

There are also places in the United States that show this great mixture of styles and iconographies. Take for example a lovely Spanish Revival building in St. Louis, by the architect T.P. Barnett, son of George I. Barnett, another famous architect in St. Louis. The T.P. Barnett building is particularly interesting because it also has Art Deco influences, making it one of the most unique buildings in the Grand Center region of St. Louis. Certainly the next time youre in St. Louis, you need to visit this Spanish Revival building on Washington Avenue.